Access Statistics for Michael Kremer

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Working Paper File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A Biological Model of Unions 0 0 0 97 0 0 3 437
Advance Market Commitments for Vaccines Against Neglected Diseases: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness 0 0 3 13 0 0 9 85
Advance Market Commitments: Insights from Theory and Experience 0 0 3 28 1 2 7 103
Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness 0 0 0 56 0 0 1 313
Blue Spoons: Sparking Communication About Appropriate Technology Use 0 1 1 3 0 6 13 31
Borrowing Requirements, Credit Access, and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Kenya 0 0 0 29 0 0 2 62
Borrowing Requirements, Credit Access, and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Kenya 0 0 0 23 0 0 9 114
Breaking Gender Barriers 0 0 1 8 0 0 2 33
Can Having Fewer Partners Increase Prevalence of Aids? 0 0 0 106 0 0 1 975
Converging to Convergence 1 8 16 95 4 15 38 131
Cost-Effective Prevention of Diarrheal Diseases: A Critical Review 0 0 1 99 0 0 2 454
Could Vaccine Dose Stretching Reduce COVID-19 Deaths? 0 0 0 10 0 0 2 39
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part I: Rationale 0 0 0 223 0 0 1 839
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part II: Design Issues 0 0 0 146 1 1 2 616
Decentralization: A cautionary tale 1 2 3 43 1 2 9 209
Designing Advance Market Commitments for New Vaccines 5 5 9 31 14 14 22 86
Designing Advance Market Commitments for New Vaccines 0 0 0 5 1 1 2 22
Disorganization 0 0 0 474 0 1 30 1,195
Disorganization 0 0 0 0 2 2 5 1,150
Does Favorable Tax-Treatment of Housing Reduce Equipment Investment? 0 0 0 43 0 0 0 275
Does Mass Deworming Affect Child Nutrition? Meta-analysis, Cost-Effectiveness, and Statistical Power 0 0 0 56 0 1 7 73
Economic Transformation, Population Growth and the Long-Run World Income Distribution 0 0 0 217 0 0 1 965
Education and HIV/AIDS prevention: evidence from a randomized evaluation in Western Kenya 1 1 4 501 6 11 46 1,544
Education and hiv/aids prevention: Evidence from a randomized evaluation in western kenya 0 0 0 50 0 0 5 172
Education as Liberation? 0 0 0 134 0 0 6 954
Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya 0 2 3 71 0 3 5 171
Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya 0 1 2 182 1 2 4 336
Elephants 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1,115
Elephants 0 0 0 168 1 2 3 1,327
Empathy or antipathy? The impact of diversity 0 0 1 20 0 0 9 175
Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam's Global Gathering 0 0 0 6 0 1 5 89
Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam's Global Gathering 0 0 0 8 0 1 4 50
Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam’s Global Gathering 1 1 1 81 1 2 5 333
Expanding Capacity for Vaccines Against Covid-19 and Future Pandemics: A Review of Economic Issues 1 1 5 10 2 3 12 26
Experimentation, Innovation, and Economics 3 4 9 409 5 9 27 600
Globalization and International Public Finance 0 0 0 330 2 2 6 1,287
Good Policy or Good Luck? Country Growth Performance and Temporary Shocks 0 1 5 1,607 1 2 20 4,008
Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Private Expectations and Public Policy 0 0 0 24 0 0 2 63
How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 859
How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality? 1 1 1 203 1 1 1 1,348
Incentives in Markets, Firms and Governments 0 0 2 332 0 0 6 1,314
Incentives to Learn 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 30
Incentives to Learn 0 0 4 178 1 5 12 840
Incentives to learn 0 0 0 19 0 0 1 187
Incentives to learn 0 0 0 163 0 0 0 549
Income-distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility 0 0 2 288 0 1 6 1,033
Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of the AIDS Epidemic 0 0 0 221 0 0 4 803
Lessons from Randomized Evaluations in Education and Health 0 0 0 2 0 1 5 21
Long-Term Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia 0 1 2 208 1 6 11 925
Long-term consequences of secondary school vouchers: Evidence from administrative records in colombia 0 0 0 23 0 0 0 128
Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya 0 0 0 7 1 1 1 44
Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya 0 0 1 441 0 5 10 1,819
Meta-Analysis and Public Policy: Reconciling the Evidence on Deworming 0 0 0 75 0 0 1 108
Mosquitoes: The Long-TermEffects of Malaria Eradication in India 0 0 0 59 0 0 1 262
Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India 0 0 0 201 0 1 5 2,016
Networks, social learning, and technology adoption: The case of deworming drugs in kenya 0 0 1 57 0 1 8 279
Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya 0 1 5 181 1 8 24 567
Nudging Farmers to Utilize Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya 0 0 1 83 0 1 4 278
Odious Debt 0 0 0 184 1 3 14 963
Optimal Subsidies for Prevention of Infectious Disease 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 26
Optimal Vaccine Subsidies for Endemic and Epidemic Diseases 0 0 1 19 2 2 4 57
Optimal Vaccine Subsidies for Endemic and Epidemic Diseases 0 0 0 17 0 0 3 29
Outside Funding of Community Organizations: Benefiting or Displacing the Poor? 0 0 0 95 0 0 1 447
Patent Buy-Outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation 0 0 1 320 0 1 2 1,675
Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students 0 0 0 12 0 0 1 54
Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students 0 0 1 562 0 0 12 4,321
Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya 0 0 2 92 0 2 7 469
Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya 0 1 1 267 0 4 13 1,038
Peer effects and alcohol use among college students 0 0 2 26 1 3 7 182
Preparing for a Pandemic: Accelerating Vaccine Availability 0 1 2 11 1 3 7 72
Preparing for a Pandemic: Accelerating Vaccine Availability 0 0 2 26 0 0 2 74
Preventives Versus Treatments 0 1 2 31 0 1 6 137
Preventives Versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global D 0 0 0 14 0 0 2 47
Preventives Versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global Demand for HIV Pharmaceuticals 0 0 0 44 0 0 3 88
Protecting Antiquities: A Role for Long-Term Leases? 0 0 0 32 1 1 8 52
Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya 0 0 0 249 2 3 8 1,391
Retrospective vs. prospective analyses of school inputs: The case of flip charts in kenya 0 0 3 38 1 1 10 183
School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools 0 0 5 168 2 2 15 555
School Vouchers, Labor Markets and Vocational Education 1 10 50 287 1 15 68 601
School Vouchers, Labor Markets and Vocational Education 0 3 9 54 4 10 24 181
Schools meals, educational achievement and school competition: evidence from a randomized evaluation 1 3 9 357 3 6 26 974
Schools, Teachers, and Education Outcomes in Developing Countries 0 1 7 166 0 5 21 408
Searching for Prosperity 0 0 0 181 1 1 2 798
Should the WHO withdraw support for mass deworming? 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 4
Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions 0 0 0 69 2 5 8 413
Teacher Incentives 0 0 0 436 1 1 4 2,965
Teacher incentives 0 0 0 37 0 0 2 222
Testing Fractional doses of COVID-19 Vaccines 0 0 0 7 0 1 1 33
Textbooks and test scores: Evidence from a prospective evaluation in kenya 0 4 15 143 4 12 44 469
The Case for Mass Treatment of Intestinal Helminths in Endemic Areas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
The Endowment Effect and Collateralized Loans 1 1 2 11 1 1 6 26
The Illusion of Sustainability 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 90
The Illusion of Sustainability 0 0 0 142 0 0 9 624
The Illusion of Sustainability 0 0 0 63 0 3 23 378
The Impact of Free Secondary Education: Experimental Evidence from Ghana 1 5 19 94 6 17 55 218
The illusion of sustainability 0 0 0 14 0 0 9 236
The rockefeller effect 0 0 0 18 3 7 31 203
Twenty Year Economic Impacts of Deworming 0 0 0 20 2 2 7 79
Twenty-year economic impacts of deworming 0 0 0 36 0 0 2 26
Using RCTs to Estimate Long-Run Impacts in Development Economics 0 0 0 42 0 1 3 86
Using RCTs to Estimate Long-Run Impacts in Development Economics 0 0 2 3 1 2 4 10
Using RCTs to Estimate Long-Run Impacts in Development Economics 0 0 0 58 0 0 2 168
Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit 7 15 48 856 14 29 101 1,781
Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit 2 5 25 803 5 12 52 1,572
Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit 1 3 11 88 1 5 20 192
Vaccines vs. Preventives 0 0 0 10 0 0 1 55
Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment 0 1 3 386 1 5 12 1,823
Vouchers for private schooling in colombia: Evidence from a randomized natural experiment 0 1 4 69 0 4 23 317
Wage Inequality and Segregation 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1,029
Wage Inequality and Segregation by Skill 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 1,661
Wage Inequality and Segregation by Skill 0 2 5 810 0 6 16 2,496
Water Treatment And Child Mortality: A Meta-Analysis And Cost-effectiveness Analysis 2 2 107 107 2 2 19 19
Water Treatment and Child Mortality: Evidence from Kenya 0 0 0 14 0 2 5 38
Water and Human Well Being: An Executive Session on Grand Challenges of the Sustainability Transition 0 0 0 6 0 1 2 41
What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review 0 1 1 5 0 2 3 57
What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review 0 0 0 88 0 0 1 418
When Is Prevention More Profitable than Cure? The Impact of Time-Varying Consumer Heterogeneity 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 29
When Is Prevention More Profitable than Cure? The Impact of Time-Varying Consumer Heterogeneity 0 0 0 21 0 0 3 97
When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming 0 0 0 61 0 0 3 172
When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming 0 0 0 39 0 0 0 47
When is Prevention More Profitable than Cure? 0 0 0 6 0 0 1 56
Why Are Drugs More Profitable Than Vaccines? 0 0 2 129 0 2 9 466
Why are Worker Cooperatives So Rare? 0 1 2 389 1 5 21 1,749
Why is There No AIDS Vaccine? 0 0 0 8 0 0 2 69
Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment 1 2 3 64 1 3 7 190
Worms at work: Long-run impacts of a child health investment 1 1 2 82 1 1 4 65
Worms at work: Long-run impacts of a child health investment 0 0 1 3 0 0 3 22
Worms: Education and Health Externalities in Kenya 0 0 2 277 0 0 2 1,519
Worms: Education and health externalities in kenya 0 0 0 13 1 1 2 128
Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities, Data User's Guide 0 0 2 3 1 1 17 35
Worst-Case Bounds on R&D and Pricing Distortions: Theory and Disturbing Conclusions if Consumer Values Follow the World Income 0 0 1 6 0 0 4 37
Worst-Case Bounds on R&D and Pricing Distortions: Theory with an Application Assuming Consumer Values Follow the World Income Distribution 0 0 0 21 0 0 2 47
Young Workers, Old Workers, and Convergence 0 0 0 91 0 0 1 447
Total Working Papers 32 94 440 17,057 116 311 1,249 71,617


Journal Article File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
"Measuring Poverty": Discussion 0 0 0 29 0 0 1 121
A Biological Model of Unions 0 0 0 25 1 1 2 202
A teoria "anel em O" de desenvolvimento econômico 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 20
Advance Market Commitments: A Policy to Stimulate Investment in Vaccines for Neglected Diseases 1 1 5 139 2 8 15 452
Advance Market Commitments: Insights from Theory and Experience 1 2 5 21 1 5 16 82
Are Educational Vouchers Only Redistributive? 0 0 0 33 0 1 4 176
Behavioral Biases and Firm Behavior: Evidence from Kenyan Retail Shops 0 1 1 27 0 1 7 193
Creating Markets for Vaccines (Innovations Case Discussion: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative) 0 0 1 9 0 0 1 57
Deworming and Development: Asking the Right Questions, Asking the Questions Right 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 11
Disorganization 1 2 5 31 2 5 25 1,174
Does favorable tax-treatment of housing reduce non-housing investment? 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 60
Early-Life Malaria Exposure and Adult Outcomes: Evidence from Malaria Eradication in India 0 1 1 39 2 4 6 251
Economic and political effects on currency clustering dynamics 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 11
Economic transformation, population growth and the long-run world income distribution 0 0 0 94 1 2 3 564
Education as Liberation? 0 0 3 37 0 2 9 205
Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya 0 2 3 100 1 6 20 417
Elephants 0 0 0 72 1 2 4 405
Elephants: Reply 1 1 1 14 1 1 1 112
Empathy or Antipathy? The Impact of Diversity 0 0 0 25 1 2 10 269
Encouraging Private Sector Research for Tropical Agriculture 0 0 1 29 0 2 7 122
Estimating the Impact of The Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam's Global Gathering 0 0 1 58 0 1 5 389
Experimentation, Innovation, and Economics 3 5 17 164 4 14 36 446
Good policy or good luck?: Country growth performance and temporary shocks 2 2 12 1,028 9 12 47 2,957
Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Dynamic Pigouvian Taxation 0 0 0 17 0 0 3 180
How High Are Rates of Return to Fertilizer? Evidence from Field Experiments in Kenya 0 3 13 258 0 8 23 745
How Much does Sorting Increase Inequality? 0 2 3 21 2 5 18 827
Improving Education in the Developing World: What Have We Learned from Randomized Evaluations? 1 1 1 81 1 3 7 247
Incentives to Learn 1 5 11 282 1 14 37 1,043
Incentivizing Innovation: Adding to the Tool Kit 1 1 2 13 2 2 6 95
Income Distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility 0 2 5 98 1 6 16 457
Income-Distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility 0 0 1 79 0 0 3 289
Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of AIDS 0 1 2 151 1 4 8 421
Long-Term Educational Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia 0 1 4 354 2 4 15 1,124
Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya 0 0 5 244 0 2 18 876
Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries 0 0 2 341 1 2 51 1,915
Motivation matters: merit scholarships and student achievement 0 0 1 52 0 0 2 153
Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya 1 4 6 453 3 18 40 1,556
Odious Debt 0 0 1 154 0 2 22 687
Outside Funding and the Dynamics of Participation in Community Associations 0 0 2 5 0 0 2 22
Paper by Carroll and Weil: A comment 0 0 0 35 0 0 0 120
Patent Buyouts: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation 0 2 9 312 1 5 34 1,426
Peer Effects and Alcohol Use among College Students 0 1 2 45 2 4 11 701
Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya 0 2 3 316 0 10 39 1,335
Pharmaceuticals and the Developing World 0 0 0 810 1 3 9 1,977
Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million B.C. to 1990 5 17 35 2,869 9 36 104 9,159
Preparing for a Pandemic: Accelerating Vaccine Availability 0 2 3 16 1 3 6 45
Preventives Versus Treatments 1 3 8 39 2 6 15 257
Preventives Versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global Demand for HIV Pharmaceuticals 0 1 1 6 1 2 4 48
Providing Safe Water: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations 1 1 2 40 1 1 5 185
Randomized Evaluations of Educational Programs in Developing Countries: Some Lessons 0 3 11 598 0 6 30 1,320
Rejoinder to De Alessi 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 56
Research on Schooling: What We Know and What We Don't: A Comment 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 447
Response to De Alessi 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 40
Retrospective vs. prospective analyses of school inputs: the case of flip charts in Kenya 0 1 23 311 2 6 49 1,084
School governance, teacher incentives, and pupil–teacher ratios: Experimental evidence from Kenyan primary schools 2 3 6 43 8 13 35 291
Searching for prosperity 0 1 1 105 0 2 6 474
Self-Control and the Development of Work Arrangements 0 0 0 113 2 4 10 359
Self-Control at Work 0 4 11 168 0 10 34 595
Should the WHO withdraw support for mass deworming? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions 0 1 3 81 0 6 15 460
Teacher Absence in India: A Snapshot 0 3 11 397 1 8 28 2,998
Teacher Incentives 0 0 1 136 0 2 11 598
The Case for Mass Treatment of Intestinal Helminths in Endemic Areas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
The Economics of International Refugee Law 0 0 1 33 0 0 3 157
The Illusion of Sustainability 1 4 10 241 4 12 55 1,135
The New Role for the World Bank 0 1 1 36 3 6 12 169
The O-Ring Theory of Economic Development 4 13 34 3,068 17 51 200 11,462
Using Randomized Controlled Trials to Estimate Long-Run Impacts in Development Economics 0 0 2 9 1 1 5 30
Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment 0 0 6 444 1 2 18 1,641
When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming 0 1 4 16 0 1 10 104
Why Isn't Convergence Instantaneous? Young Workers, Old Workers, and Gradual Adjustment 0 0 0 75 0 0 1 302
Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment 2 5 9 124 3 18 40 515
Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities 8 13 31 1,623 13 41 109 5,557
Total Journal Articles 38 120 344 16,712 115 401 1,395 64,387


Book File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
Regional Public Goods: From Theory to Practice 0 1 4 52 2 6 14 162
Total Books 0 1 4 52 2 6 14 162


Chapter File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
Contract Farming and Agricultural Productivity in Western Kenya 0 0 0 52 2 2 4 153
Converging to Convergence 0 0 0 36 6 20 66 229
Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part I: Rationale 0 1 1 38 0 4 10 168
Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part II: Design Issues 0 0 0 34 1 1 3 168
Improving Health in Developing Countries 1 11 32 488 8 30 92 1,034
Incentivizing Innovation: Adding to the Tool Kit 0 0 0 84 0 0 2 260
Schools, Teachers, and Education Outcomes in Developing Countries 3 7 45 1,320 14 36 180 4,522
Success in Entrepreneurship: Doing the Math 0 0 0 13 0 0 1 79
Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit 15 32 153 3,506 46 105 418 8,280
Total Chapters 19 51 231 5,571 77 198 776 14,893


Statistics updated 2023-12-04