Access Statistics for William Poole

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Working Paper File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A St. Louis Fed perspective on long-term economic growth 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 10
A monetary policymaker's perspective 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 11
A perspective on U.S. international capital flows 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 8
A perspective on U.S. international trade 0 0 1 2 2 2 11 25
A perspective on the graying population and current account balances 0 1 1 4 0 1 3 18
A policymaker confronts uncertainty 0 0 0 1 1 2 4 11
After Greenspan: whither fed policy? 1 2 3 15 2 4 5 30
Allowing entrepreneurship 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8
Are real interest rates too high? 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 9
As easy as PIE: productivity, innovation and education 1 1 2 2 1 1 4 14
Balancing financial stability, price stability and macroeconomic stability: how important is moral hazard? 0 0 1 17 0 0 2 32
Best guesses and surprises 0 1 1 1 0 1 3 10
Booms, recessions and the economically disadvantaged 0 1 3 3 1 3 5 15
Central bank transparency: why and how? 0 0 1 7 0 0 1 13
Changing world demographics and trade imbalances 3 3 3 18 3 3 4 36
Chinese growth: a source of U.S. export opportunities 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 8
Communicating the Fed's policy stance 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 12
Communicating the stance of monetary policy 0 0 1 3 0 0 1 11
Confidence and central banking 0 0 2 2 0 1 3 7
Coping with monetary policy risks 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 7
Data dependence 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 9
Data, data and yet more data 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 5
Demographic challenges to state pension systems around the world 0 1 1 5 1 2 5 12
Does the United States have a current account deficit disorder? 1 1 1 10 2 2 3 37
Dollars and sense 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 9
Dynamics of the recession and the recovery 0 0 1 5 0 0 1 18
Economic forecasts and monetary policy 0 0 1 2 0 1 2 9
Economic growth and the real rate of interest 1 2 8 44 1 3 13 80
Economic growth: is the Fed irrelevant? 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 9
Energy and the U.S. macro economy 0 1 2 4 0 1 3 11
Energy prices and the U.S. business cycle 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 9
Eulogy-Darryl R. Francis, 1912-2002 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 8
Expectations 0 0 1 8 2 3 10 42
FOMC transparency 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 7
Fed communications 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 7
Fed policy to the bond yield 0 0 1 5 0 0 4 14
Fed transparency: how, not whether 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Financial adjustment to inflation 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 332
Financial innovation: engine of growth or source of instability? 1 1 5 112 2 3 14 178
Financial stability 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 16
Financial system robustness 0 1 2 4 0 3 6 24
Flation 0 1 5 9 77 139 770 1,759
Free trade: why are economists and noneconomists so far apart? 0 0 0 3 1 2 4 26
From professor to policymaker: emerging from the shadow 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 9
GSE risks 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 30
Getting markets in synch with monetary policy 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4
Great monetary myths 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 7
Greece and the Euro 0 0 4 27 0 1 9 54
Growth prospects for the U.S. economy 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 8
Housing in the macroeconomy 1 1 3 31 1 4 11 65
How dangerous is the U.S. current account deficit? 0 0 0 8 0 0 2 42
How predictable is Fed policy? 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 18
How should the Fed communicate? 0 0 0 2 1 2 2 16
How well do the markets understand Fed policy? 0 1 2 16 1 2 5 35
Improving productivity in higher education 0 0 2 9 1 1 4 29
Inflation dynamics 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 12
Inflation hawk = employment dove 0 0 0 4 0 0 1 12
Inflation signals and inflation noise 0 0 0 7 1 1 3 25
Inflation targeting 0 0 0 4 1 1 4 23
Inflation, financial stability and economic growth 1 2 2 18 1 2 2 32
Inflation, recession and Fed policy 0 0 0 3 1 1 2 16
Institutions for stable prices: how to design an optimal central bank law 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 9
Inversion 2 2 6 17 3 3 10 60
Is inflation too low? 0 0 0 2 0 3 3 15
Jobs and trade 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 11
Maintaining financial stability: a central banker's perspective 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 14
Market bailouts and the "Fed put" 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 15
Market healing 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 7
Market responses to economic stress 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 7
Milton and money stock control 0 0 3 5 0 0 3 14
Monetary Policy Lessons of recent Inflation and Disinflation 0 0 0 94 3 5 15 444
Monetary aggregates and monetary policy in the 21st century 0 0 3 5 0 0 4 12
Monetary policy in uncertain times 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 8
Monetary policy rules? 0 0 4 10 3 4 13 42
Optimal choice of monetary policy instruments in a simple stochastic macro model 0 0 0 4 1 5 18 1,831
Optimal choice of monetary policy instruments in a simple stochastic macro model 0 0 0 3 3 3 13 1,581
Our economic prospects: one economist's perspective 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 5
Panel discussion on challenges for U.S. businesses 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 7
Panel on government sponsored enterprises 0 0 0 2 1 1 4 18
Perfecting the market's knowledge of monetary policy 0 0 0 284 2 2 5 713
Perspectives on productivity 0 0 0 1 0 1 4 8
Productivity puzzles 0 0 1 1 0 0 5 14
Prospects and risks in the bond market 0 0 0 5 0 1 3 14
Prosperity: just how good has it been for the labor market? 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 6
Protecting exports 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 17
Real estate in the U.S. economy 0 0 0 6 1 2 5 17
Recent developments in housing markets: a national and local perspective 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 10
Reflections 1 1 2 4 2 2 3 16
Reputation and the non-prime mortgage market 0 0 0 3 0 1 7 29
Responding to financial crises: what role for the Fed? 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 6
Safeguarding good policy practice 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 7
Seeds of growth - sustainable community development - opening remarks 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
Shadow Open Market Committee; Policy Statement and Position Papers 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 605
Shocks and more shocks 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
Social Security reform and demographic reality 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 7
State of the U.S. economy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
State of the U.S. economy 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 5
Staying out of the way of entrepreneurs 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 7
Synching, not sinking, the markets 0 1 2 5 0 2 7 23
Taking stock: the state of the business recovery 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
That mysterious FOMC 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 9
The Fed's monetary policy rule 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 14
The Fed's role in community development 0 0 0 1 0 1 4 8
The Fed's role in maintaining financial stability 0 0 2 2 0 0 2 8
The Federal Reserve as a democratic institution 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 7
The GSEs: where do we stand? 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 12
The Great Inflation: Did the Shadow Know Better? 0 0 1 87 1 3 12 215
The U.S. credit markets: is the trauma over? 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 9
The critical role of economic education in the conduct of monetary policy 0 0 3 5 0 0 3 14
The economic outlook 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 10
The euro: engine for prosperity 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 12
The great inflation: did the shadow know better? 0 0 1 52 0 1 6 167
The impact of monetary policy on agriculture 0 0 2 19 0 1 6 53
The international connection: the Asian crisis and U.S. economic activity 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 8
The labor market and economic growth 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 10
The labor market and economic growth 0 0 1 7 0 0 2 19
The monetary policy model 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 10
The outlook: Mississippi and the nation 0 0 0 1 0 1 3 12
The risks of the federal housing enterprises' uncertain status 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 9
The role for self-regulation and voluntary compliance incentives in the design of pension systems 0 0 0 8 0 1 6 34
The role of Federal Reserve banks in the Federal Reserve System 0 0 3 9 0 0 3 23
The role of anecdotal information in Fed policymaking 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 10
The role of anecdotal information in monetary policy 0 0 0 7 1 1 2 15
The role of government in U.S. capital markets 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 12
The role of monetary policy in the current macroeconomic environment 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 8
The structure of our changing banking industry: let the market decide 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 6
Thinking like a central banker 0 0 0 2 0 1 4 12
Tracking inflation 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 10
Trade, wages and employment 0 0 0 3 1 1 1 13
U.S. export opportunities 0 0 0 2 1 1 3 14
U.S. labor input in coming years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
U.S. saving 0 0 0 6 0 0 1 14
Understanding inflation 1 2 2 8 1 2 3 15
Understanding the Fed 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 14
Understanding the term structure of interest rates 1 1 2 8 1 1 4 33
What is happening in the U.S. economy? 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 4
What is the fed doing in the education business? 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 6
What role for asset prices in U.S. monetary policy? 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 15
When is inflation low? 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 280
Whither investment? 0 0 1 5 0 1 8 23
Whither the U.S. credit markets? 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 6
World population trends and challenges 0 1 2 5 0 1 2 12
Total Working Papers 15 31 116 1,195 144 268 1,204 10,193


Journal Article File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
"Core" or "total" inflation: which is the Fed's focus? 0 0 0 15 2 3 3 67
A Monetary History from a Policymaker's Perspective 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 23
A Proposal for Reforming Bank Reserve Requirements in the United States 0 0 1 27 0 0 1 152
A perspective on U.S. international capital flows 0 0 0 32 0 2 2 116
A perspective on U.S. international trade 0 0 0 23 0 0 3 129
A policymaker confronts uncertainty 0 0 0 75 0 0 5 231
Agriculture outcomes and monetary policy actions: Kissin' cousins? 0 0 1 107 1 2 4 410
Alternative Paths to a Stable Full Employment Economy 0 0 0 11 1 2 4 54
Anecdotes help Fed to steer the economy 0 0 0 16 0 1 3 135
Bailing out the markets is not a goal of Fed policy 0 0 0 33 1 7 7 74
Benefits and costs of stable monetary growth 0 0 1 14 0 0 2 39
Best guesses and surprises 0 0 0 11 0 0 1 83
Book Review: In Fed We Trust: Ben Bernanke’s War on the Great Panic 0 0 1 15 0 1 5 51
Burnsian Monetary Policy: Eight Years of Progress? 0 0 0 17 0 4 4 154
CHALLENGES OF MACRO POLICY IN THE OPEN U.S. ECONOMY 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 14
COMMERCIAL BANK RESERVE MANAGEMENT IN A STOCHASTIC MODEL: IMPLICATIONS FOR MONETARY POLICY 1 4 25 190 4 11 53 395
Check 21 will lead to savings of time, money 0 0 0 33 0 0 1 140
Chinese growth: a source of U.S. export opportunities 0 0 0 23 1 1 2 107
Colleges need to learn about productivity 0 0 0 13 0 0 3 51
Comments and Discussion [Efficient-Markets Theory: Implications for Monetary Policy] 0 1 1 9 1 3 3 39
Credit veils and credit realities 0 0 0 6 0 0 1 31
Current issues in monetary control 0 0 0 35 1 1 1 125
Data dependence 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 71
Data, data, and yet more data 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 55
Decline in labor force participation could lower standard of living 0 0 0 14 0 0 1 60
Deposit deregulation and monetary policy A comment 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 28
Despite flaws, CAFTA is step in right direction 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 88
Driving home the responsibilities of a policymaker 0 0 0 5 0 0 2 81
Entrepreneurs in the U.S. face less red tape 0 0 1 39 0 0 5 118
Exchange-rate management and monetary-policy mismanagement: A study of Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States after Plaza 1 1 2 32 1 1 2 101
Expectations 0 0 0 91 0 1 4 233
FOMC transparency 0 0 0 30 0 0 0 113
Fed transparency: how, not whether 0 0 0 56 0 0 0 171
Federal Reserve Operating Procedures: A Survey and Evaluation of the Historical Record since October 1979 0 0 0 21 3 3 3 93
Federal reserve policymaking: An overview and analysis of the policy process a comment 0 0 0 3 2 2 2 37
Financial stability 0 0 1 65 1 2 7 152
Flation 0 0 0 32 0 3 25 297
Free trade: why are economists and noneconomists so far apart? 0 0 0 61 1 2 3 215
GSE Risks 0 1 1 49 0 1 1 131
GSEs: Where Do We Stand? 0 0 0 1 1 2 4 16
Gradualism: A Mid-Course View 0 0 0 3 0 0 5 48
Housing in the macroeconomy 0 0 0 82 0 0 2 193
How dangerous is the U.S. current account deficit? 0 0 0 73 2 5 10 242
How predictable is Fed policy? 0 0 0 37 1 1 1 99
Improving Monetary Control 0 0 0 12 0 1 9 52
Indexing and the Capital Markets 0 0 0 4 1 1 3 43
Industry councils bring firsthand insights to our regional economic outlook 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 31
Inflation targeting 0 0 0 68 0 0 0 129
Instituciones para precios estables: como diseñar una ley óptima para banca central 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15
Institutions for stable prices: how to design an optimal central bank law 0 0 0 51 1 1 1 132
Interest Rates on Monetary Assets and Commodity Price Index Changes: Discussion 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 49
Interest rates and the conduct of monetary policy: A comment 1 1 2 33 1 1 2 79
Interpreting the Fed's Monetary Targets 0 0 1 15 0 0 3 49
Is Inflation Too Low? 0 0 0 1 1 3 3 20
Is a Benign Dollar Policy Wise? 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 18
Is inflation too low? 0 0 1 116 2 4 12 623
Market anticipations of monetary policy actions 0 0 0 112 0 5 8 316
Market bailouts and the "Fed put" 0 0 0 16 0 0 1 49
McKinnon on Futures Markets and Buffer Stocks 0 0 0 18 0 0 1 106
Milton Friedman's monetary framework: Robert J. Gordon, ed., (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1974) pp. xii + 192, cloth $8.95 and paper $3.50 0 1 3 47 0 2 12 233
Milton Friedman, 1912-2006: some personal reflections 0 0 0 59 0 0 0 101
Monetary Control and the Political Business Cycle 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 17
Monetary Policy Lessons of Recent Inflation and Disinflation 0 1 1 64 1 4 10 401
Monetary Policy during the Recession 0 0 1 60 1 1 6 249
Monetary aggregates and monetary aggregates in the twenty-first century 0 1 1 68 0 2 5 293
Monetary aggregates targeting in a low-inflation economy 0 0 1 30 2 4 9 304
Monetary policy rules? 5 8 32 991 11 26 134 2,717
Nonprime mortgage woes: how we got there, where to go next 0 0 0 17 0 0 2 73
On Consequences and Criticisms of Monetary Targeting: Comment 0 0 0 7 1 1 2 53
Panel discussion 0 0 0 33 2 3 3 93
Panel discussion II: safeguarding good policy practice 0 0 0 8 2 3 3 64
Panel discussion monetary policy modeling: where are we and where should we be going? 0 0 0 40 0 1 2 122
Pension reform is needed now 0 0 0 7 0 0 3 51
Perfecting the Market's Knowledge of Monetary Policy 0 1 3 38 1 2 8 140
President's message 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 51
President's message 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 31
President's message 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 33
Price and wage controls: The first two years a comment 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 13
Price stability and the rising tide: how low inflation lifts all ships 0 0 0 30 1 1 1 300
Productivity is the gift that keeps on giving 0 0 0 16 0 0 1 54
RECENT BEHAVIOR OF THE VELOCITY OF MONEY 0 0 1 52 0 0 1 119
Rational Expectations in the Macro Model 0 2 2 28 0 2 10 90
Reflections of a monetary policymaker 0 0 0 5 0 1 2 21
Responding to Financial Crises: What Role for the Fed? 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 15
Rules-of-thumb for guiding monetary policy 0 1 2 78 2 3 5 142
Slowdown in housing won't shut down economic growth 0 0 0 21 0 1 3 74
Stable prices, stable economy: keeping inflation in check must be No. 1 goal of monetary policymakers 1 1 2 65 3 4 11 175
Stop paying more for less: ways to boost productivity in higher education 0 0 0 47 0 0 5 146
The 1975 Report of the President's Council of Economic Advisers: Long on Analysis, Short on Policy 0 0 0 14 0 0 5 104
The Credit Crunch of 2007–08: Lessons Private and Public 0 0 0 100 0 0 0 193
The Fed's monetary policy rule 0 0 0 47 2 3 4 129
The Friedman-Meiselman CMC Paper: New Evidence on an Old Controversy 0 1 1 65 0 1 18 268
The GSEs: where do we stand? 0 0 0 31 1 1 2 118
The Making of Monetary Policy: Description and Analysis 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 140
The Monetary Deceleration: What Does It MEan and Why Is It Happening 1 2 2 8 2 3 9 61
The Monetary Policy Model 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 26
The Relationship of Monetary Decelerations to Business Cycle Peaks: Another Look at the Evidence 0 0 0 11 0 0 1 65
The Role of Interest Rates and Inflation in the Consumption Function 0 0 1 51 1 1 11 325
The U.S. dollar: recent developments, outlook, and policy options (overview) 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 57
The Way Forward: Incentives, Not Regulations 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 16
The decline of activist stabilization policy: natural rate misperceptions, learning, and expectations 0 0 0 18 1 7 24 180
The impact of changes in FOMC disclosure practices on the transparency of monetary policy: are markets and the FOMC better "synched"? 0 0 4 95 0 1 10 268
The real population problem: too few working, too many retired 0 0 0 30 0 0 1 190
Thinking like a central banker 0 0 0 18 0 1 4 66
Understanding the Fed 0 0 0 81 0 1 5 185
Understanding the term structure of interest rates 0 0 0 101 0 0 2 262
Using T-bill futures to gauge interest rate expectations 0 0 3 151 1 1 7 1,037
Wal-Mart application focuses spotlight on industrial loan companies 0 0 0 17 0 0 1 150
What should a central bank look like? 0 0 2 45 7 11 13 210
Whither Money Demand? 0 1 6 17 4 5 17 39
Total Journal Articles 11 29 108 4,640 81 185 626 17,237


Chapter File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
Macroeconomic Consequences of Financial Crises 0 0 3 297 1 2 8 512
Macroeconomic Policy, 1971-75: An Appraisal 0 0 0 9 0 1 5 26
The Great Inflation: Did The Shadow Know Better? 0 0 0 24 0 1 4 95
Total Chapters 0 0 3 330 1 4 17 633


Statistics updated 2019-10-05