Access Statistics for Anna Jacobson Schwartz

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Working Paper File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A brief empirical history of U.S. foreign-exchange intervention: 1973-1995 0 0 0 88 0 0 5 205
Asset Price Inflation and Monetary Policy 0 0 1 760 0 0 13 1,792
Bretton Woods and the U.S. decision to intervene in the foreign-exchange market, 1957-1962 0 1 2 63 0 1 9 170
Bretton Woods, swap lines, and the Federal Reserve’s return to intervention 1 2 7 93 3 7 18 131
Charles Goodhart's Contributions to the History of Monetary Institutions 0 0 0 462 1 3 18 2,133
Could Stable Money Have Averted The Great Contraction? 0 0 0 75 0 1 7 417
David Laidler on Monetarism 0 1 1 256 4 7 15 808
Epilogue: Foreign-Exchange-Market Operations in the Twenty-First Century 0 1 1 73 0 1 8 218
Epilogue: foreign-exchange-market operations in the twenty-first century 1 1 1 54 1 2 10 196
From Obscurity to Notoriety: A Biography of the Exchange Stabilization Fund 0 0 0 44 1 2 14 232
From the Exchange Stabilization Fund to the International Monetary Fund 0 0 1 145 0 0 7 683
IS-LM and Monetarism 0 2 4 617 0 3 17 2,109
Measuring Real Economic Effects of Bailouts: Historical Perspectives on How Countries in Financial Distress Have Fared With and Without Bailouts 0 0 1 305 1 4 13 1,065
Monetary Policy Regimes and Economic Performance: The Historical Record 1 4 10 561 5 11 36 1,758
Money Growth Variability and Money Supply Interdependence Under InterestRate Control: Some Evidence For Canada 0 0 0 32 0 0 1 229
Money Stock Targeting, Base Drift and Price-Level Predictability: Lessons From the U.K. Experience 0 0 0 44 2 2 7 591
Money and Prices in the Nineteenth Century: Was Thomas Tooke Right? 0 0 2 94 0 1 5 276
Money versus Credit Rationing: Evidence for the National Banking Era, 1880-1914 0 0 0 33 1 1 4 184
On the evolution of U.S. foreign-exchange-market intervention: thesis, theory, and institutions 0 0 4 73 0 2 15 334
Real Versus Pseudo-International Systemic Risk: Some Lessons from History 0 0 0 395 2 7 14 1,534
Shadow Open Market Committee; Policy Statement and Position Papers 0 0 0 0 2 2 7 612
The ECU - An Imaginary or Embryonic Form of Money: What Can We Learn from History? 0 0 0 23 1 1 4 202
The Evolution of Wage and Employment in the Israeli Economy 1986-1991 0 0 0 0 1 2 7 173
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 0 2 68 1 1 8 47
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 1 2 61 0 1 16 91
The Federal Reserve as an Informed Foreign Exchange Trader: 1973 - 1995 0 0 0 33 0 0 5 91
The Federal Reserve as an informed foreign-exchange trader: 1973-1995 0 0 1 61 0 1 11 170
The Historical Origins of U.S. Exchange Market Intervention Policy 0 1 2 73 1 2 9 318
The Impact of Milton Friedman on Modern Monetary Economics: Setting the Record Straight on Paul Krugman's "Who Was Milton Friedman?" 1 1 1 377 1 4 14 1,145
The Interrelation of Wage Series of Firms to Each Other Land and to the Series of their Employment Level. Facts from Microdata 0 0 0 0 2 3 6 252
The Interrelation of the Time Series of Wage and Employment at the Firm Level, Common Features and Contracts 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 104
The Rise and Fall of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention 0 0 2 357 0 1 5 1,144
The Specie Standard As A Contingent Rule: Some Evidence for Core and Peripheral Countries, 1880-90 0 1 4 62 4 6 14 299
The Specie Standard as a Contingent Rule: Some Evidence for Core and Peripheral Countries, 1880-1990 0 0 1 45 1 2 22 314
The effects of regulation on systemic risks 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 33
The impact of Milton Friedman on modern monetary economics: setting the record straight on Paul Krugman’s 'Who Was Milton Friedman? 0 1 3 275 2 6 18 848
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention and the Early Dollar Float: 1973 - 1981 0 0 0 37 0 0 6 68
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan Era 0 0 2 17 0 0 5 84
U.S. Intervention During the Bretton Woods Era: 1962-1973 0 2 3 68 0 2 8 84
U.S. foreign-exchange-market intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan era 0 0 1 47 0 0 6 94
U.S. intervention and the early dollar float: 1973-1981 0 0 1 45 0 0 3 41
U.S. intervention during the Bretton Wood Era:1962-1973 0 2 3 80 0 4 13 178
U.S. monetary-policy evolution and U.S. intervention 0 1 1 109 0 1 4 88
Under What Circumstances, Past and Present, Have International Rescues of Countries in Financial Distress Been Successful? 0 0 0 80 0 2 22 545
Was Expansionary Monetary Policy Feasible During the Great Contraction? An Examination of the Gold Standard Constraint 0 1 1 359 0 2 8 3,426
What has Foreign Market Intervention Since the Plaza Agreement Accomplished? 0 0 0 74 0 1 8 365
Why Clashes Between Internal and External Stability Goals End in Currency Crises, 1797-1994 0 0 0 113 1 4 14 371
Total Working Papers 4 23 65 6,731 39 104 488 26,252


Journal Article File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
Aftermath of the monetarist clash with the federal reserve before and during the Volcker era 0 0 1 12 0 0 8 61
Alternative Approaches to Analyzing Economic Data 1 1 2 340 2 4 13 933
An Attempt at Synthesis in American Banking History1 0 0 1 3 0 1 4 12
Assessing the Euro three years after its launch 0 0 0 115 0 0 4 375
Asset price inflation and monetary policy 0 0 2 31 0 3 12 147
Book Review: The Political Economy of American Monetary Policy 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 29
Clark Warburton: Pioneer monetarist 0 0 0 9 0 0 3 107
Comment on: Historical monetary policy analysis and the Taylor rule 0 0 0 27 0 0 2 98
Consumers' Expenditure in the United Kingdom, 1900–1919. By A. R. Prest assisted by A. A. Adams. (Studies in the National Income and Expenditure of the United Kingdom, No. 3.) New York: Cambridge University Press, 1954. Pp. xiii, 195. $7.50 0 0 0 2 1 3 7 29
Could Stable Money Have Averted the Great Contraction? 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 323
Currency boards: their past, present, and possible future role 2 2 3 392 3 3 9 855
Dangers in Bailing Out Countries That Are in Default by the International Monetary Fund or Others 0 0 1 1 1 1 6 6
Dealing with Exchange Rate Protectionism 0 0 0 3 0 0 5 32
Do Sovereign Debtors Need a Bankruptcy Law? 0 0 2 6 2 2 8 35
From Obscurity to Notoriety: A Biography of the Exchange Stabilization Fund 0 0 0 0 0 1 14 226
General and Miscellaneous - The Gold Standard in Theory and History. Edited by Barry Eichengreen. New York: Methuen, 1985. Pp. vi, 280. $11.95 paper 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 27
Global Order and the Future of the Euro 0 0 1 5 0 0 7 30
Globalizing Capital: A History of the International Monetary System. By Barry Eichengreen. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996. Pp. vii, 223. $24.95 0 0 2 30 0 0 8 88
Has government any role in money? 0 1 10 500 0 8 37 1,008
Has the Growth of Money Substitutes Hindered Monetary Policy? 0 0 1 24 0 0 4 94
History of Mutual Savings Banks in Northampton, Massachusetts. By Katherine Finney. New York: King's Crown Press, 1945. Pp. x, 225. $2.50 0 0 0 2 0 1 3 19
IS-LM and Monetarism 0 0 4 33 4 11 33 202
Inflation and output changes in France, Italy, and the Netherlands: A comment 0 0 0 8 0 0 5 33
International Debts: What's Fact and What's Fiction 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 184
International Financial Crises: Myths and Realities 0 0 1 5 1 3 8 30
International Monetary Cooperation since Bretton Woods. By Harold James. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Pp. xvi, 742. $45.00 0 1 1 20 0 1 4 78
Interrelations between the United States and the United Kingdom, 1873-1975 0 0 0 45 0 2 8 170
Is There a Need for an International Lender of Last Resort? 0 0 2 6 0 0 9 41
Measuring real economic effects of bailouts: historical perspectives on how countries in financial distress have fared with and without bailouts 0 0 2 159 3 7 16 810
Monetary Policy and the Legacy of Milton Friedman 0 1 3 10 0 2 13 43
Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom, 1878–1970: Selected Findings 0 0 0 1 0 0 8 29
Monetary economic research at the St. Louis Fed during Ted Balbach's tenure as research director 0 0 0 13 0 1 4 95
Money and Prices in the Nineteenth Century: An Old Debate Rejoined 0 0 0 6 0 0 3 26
Money and prices in the 19th century: Was Thomas Tooke right? 0 0 0 47 0 1 6 476
Money stock targeting, base drift, and price-level predictability: Lessons from the U.K. Experience 0 0 1 15 4 6 32 239
Origins of the Financial Market Crisis of 2008 1 5 16 81 1 14 42 203
PROSPECTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM CONSTITUTION 0 0 0 13 0 0 3 45
Portrait 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 4
Real versus Pseudo-International Systemic Risk Some Lessons from History 0 0 1 2 2 4 14 23
Reflections on the Gold Commission Report 0 0 0 56 0 1 1 262
Rejoinder to Paul Krugman 0 2 4 74 0 4 11 229
Remembering Milton Friedman 0 0 0 2 0 0 6 26
Risks to the long-term stability of the euro 0 0 1 52 1 1 9 278
Schwartz on Friedman 0 0 1 20 0 1 8 305
Secular Price Change in Historical Perspective 0 0 0 52 0 0 9 185
The Aliber, Dewald, and Gordon Papers: A Comment 0 0 0 7 1 1 4 60
The Beginning of Competitive Banking in Philadelphia, 1782-1809 0 0 2 36 0 1 8 145
The Behavior of Money Stock under Interest Rate Control: Some Evidence for Canada 0 0 0 15 0 0 3 125
The Definition of Money: Net Wealth and Neutrality as Criteria 0 1 5 632 0 5 17 2,986
The Effect of the Term Structure of Interest Rates on the Demand for Money in the United States 0 0 0 114 0 2 5 332
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 1 3 27 1 6 25 134
The Federal Reserve as an Informed Foreign Exchange Trader: 1973–1995 0 0 1 14 0 0 8 178
The Golden Age of the Quantity Theory, by David Laidler. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1991. Pp. xv, 220. ISBN 0-691-04295-0 0 0 0 24 0 0 1 52
The Golden Constant: The English and American Experience, 1560–1976. By Roy W. Jastram. New York: John Wiley, 1977. Pp. xvii, 231; tables and charts 0 1 3 19 0 3 11 55
The Importance of Stable Money: Theory and Evidence 0 0 0 3 0 1 5 27
The Jacksonian Economy. By Peter Temin. (The Norton Essays in American History. Edited by Harold M. Hyman.) New York: W. W. Norton, 1969. Pp. 208. $5.50 (cloth); $1.95 (paperback) 0 0 1 22 0 2 7 96
The National Bank Note Puzzle Reinterpreted 0 0 1 21 0 1 6 221
The Performance and Stability of Banking Systems under "Self-Regulation": Theory and Evidence 0 0 3 8 1 1 11 46
The Rise and Fall of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention as a Policy Tool 0 0 0 28 0 0 4 97
The Role of Monetary Policy in the Face of Crises 0 1 3 6 0 1 7 32
The banking crisis of 1993: Susan Estabrook Kennedy, (University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 1973) 270 pp 0 0 0 52 0 0 6 228
The failure of the bank of United States: A reappraisal: A reply 0 0 3 84 1 5 16 230
The historical origins of US exchange market intervention policy 0 1 3 39 1 2 16 200
The impact of Milton Friedman on modern monetary economics: Setting the record straight on Paul Krugman's "Who was Milton Friedman?" 0 0 3 194 0 2 37 1,355
The misuse of the Fed's discount window 0 0 1 107 2 5 13 427
Transmission of Real and Monetary Disturbances under Fixed and Floating Rates 0 0 2 7 2 3 10 43
US Foreign Exchange Market Intervention since 1962 0 0 0 0 1 1 8 201
Under what circumstances, past and present, have international rescues of countries in financial distress been successful? 1 1 5 30 2 8 164 475
Was Expansionary Monetary Policy Feasible during the Great Contraction? An Examination of the Gold Standard Constraint 0 0 1 89 2 5 28 560
What has foreign exchange market intervention since the Plaza Agreement accomplished? 0 0 0 35 0 2 7 127
Why A Monetary History Has Had a Long Life 0 0 2 7 0 2 11 31
Why a Dual Mandate is Wrong for Monetary Policy 1 1 3 64 2 2 9 161
Why clashes between internal and external stability goals end in currency crises, 1797–1994 0 0 0 33 1 2 17 155
Total Journal Articles 6 20 109 3,943 42 151 896 17,329


Book File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960 0 0 0 0 36 129 497 3,430
A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 0 0 0 0 6 17 48 646
Currency Held by the Public, the Banks, and the Treasury, Monthly, December 1917–December 1944 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 115
From New Deal Banking Reform to World War II Inflation 0 0 0 0 2 4 8 158
Monetary Statistics of the United States: Estimates, Sources, Methods 0 0 0 0 3 14 48 1,080
Monetary Trends in the United States and United Kingdom: Their Relation to Income, Prices, and Interest Rates, 1867–1975 0 0 0 0 3 17 57 1,033
Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom 0 0 0 0 1 6 19 366
Money in Historical Perspective 0 0 0 0 0 1 14 64
Money in Historical Perspective 0 0 0 0 10 20 116 496
Strained Relations 0 0 0 0 2 3 8 40
Strained Relations: U.S. Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century 0 0 0 0 0 1 15 90
The Great Contraction, 1929–33 0 0 0 0 33 114 275 1,195
The International Transmission of Inflation 0 0 0 0 3 5 22 237
The International Transmission of Inflation 0 0 0 0 2 4 16 57
Total Books 0 0 0 0 101 335 1,147 9,007


Chapter File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A Century of British Market Interest Rates, 1874–1975 0 0 2 11 0 0 8 46
A Priori Approaches 0 1 2 28 0 3 7 83
Alternative Monetary Regimes: The Gold Standard 0 0 1 42 0 0 5 222
Alternative Policies 0 3 9 57 0 6 24 108
Annual, Semiannual, and Quarterly Estimates, 1867-1907 0 0 0 14 0 2 8 82
Appendices, Currency Held by the Public, the Banks, and the Treasury, Monthly, December 1917–December 1944 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 46
Appendix 1: Summaries of Bank of England Documents 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Appendix 2: Empirical Method for Assessing Success Counts 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4
Appendix: Publications of Anna J. Schwartz 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 89
Bank Failures 0 8 18 100 0 11 27 174
Basis for Our Choice of Definition 0 1 1 16 0 3 7 84
Charles Goodhart's contributions to the history of monetary institutions 0 0 0 1 0 1 7 24
Clark Warburton: Pioneer Monetarist 0 0 0 28 0 0 4 176
Comparison of Earlier Estimates With Our Own 0 0 0 7 0 2 4 47
Conclusion on Definition 0 0 0 17 0 3 10 110
Currency Held by the Public: Call Date and Monthly Estimates 0 0 0 12 0 3 9 70
Cyclical Changes, 1933–41 0 0 0 22 0 2 5 64
Definitions 0 0 1 8 3 3 17 70
Deposits and Commercial Banks: Call Dates 0 0 0 9 0 2 10 81
Deposits and Commercial Banks: Monthly Estimates 0 0 0 10 0 2 5 68
Deposits at Mutual Savings Banks: Call Date and Monthly Estimates 0 0 0 7 0 4 9 62
Deposits with the Postal Savings System 0 0 0 14 0 2 7 109
Derivation of the Series 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 31
Development of Monetary Policy 0 3 10 86 0 5 22 149
Division of Change in Income between Prices and Output 0 0 0 36 0 2 5 89
Epilogue: Foreign-Exchange-Market Operations in the Twenty-First Century 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 13
Estimates for the Period Before 1867 0 0 0 13 0 3 7 58
Estimates for the Period Since 1867 0 0 0 17 0 2 7 73
Exchange Market Policy in the United States: Precedents and Antecedents 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3
Factors Accounting for Changes in the Stock of Money 0 8 16 86 0 12 29 169
From Gibson to Fisher 0 0 2 24 0 3 11 88
Front matter, Strained Relations: U.S. Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century 0 0 1 8 0 1 8 34
General Features of Our Estimates 0 0 0 4 0 3 7 34
Glossary, Sources, Indexes 0 2 5 26 0 5 17 75
Gross Dividend and Interest Payments by Corporations at Selected Dates in the 19th Century 0 0 0 1 0 0 7 28
Has Government Any Role in Money? 0 3 5 256 0 5 11 608
Has the Growth of Money Substitutes Hindered Monetary Policy? 0 0 0 11 0 1 8 45
How Feasible Is a Flexible Monetary Policy? 0 0 0 15 0 0 6 102
International Character of the Contraction 0 3 9 57 0 6 18 124
Introducing the Exchange Stabilization Fund, 1934–1961 0 0 1 1 0 0 4 4
Introduction to "A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931" 3 3 6 73 4 4 15 175
Introduction to "Monetary Statistics of the United States: Estimates, Sources, Methods" 0 1 3 85 0 3 11 206
Introduction to "The Great Contraction, 1929–33" 6 20 60 273 12 44 112 478
Lessons from the Evolution of U.S. Monetary and Intervention Policies 0 1 1 1 0 1 4 4
Lessons of the Gold Standard Era and the Bretton Woods System for the Prospects of an International Monetary System Constitution 0 0 1 34 0 2 7 124
Long Swings in Growth Rates 0 1 2 24 1 4 11 70
Monetary Influences on Nominal Income 0 0 1 36 0 2 5 98
Monetary policy regimes and economic performance: The historical record 0 0 11 496 13 26 130 1,616
Money and Business Cycles 0 0 1 32 0 3 9 113
Money and Business Cycles 0 3 11 251 0 8 35 654
Money and Interest Rates 1 1 5 80 1 3 11 144
Money versus Credit Rationing: Evidence for the National Banking Era, 1880-1914 0 0 1 17 0 0 6 72
Movements of Money, Income, and Prices 0 0 2 62 0 2 8 123
New Deal Changes in the Banking Structure and Monetary Standard 0 1 3 26 0 6 12 100
Notes, References, Index 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
On the Evolution of U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention: Thesis, Theory, and Institutions 0 0 1 2 0 1 8 21
Part One: Definition of Money, Introduction 0 1 3 67 0 4 14 189
Part Three: Derivation of Our Estimates, Introduction 0 0 0 7 0 2 4 43
Part Two: Earlier Estimates, Introduction 0 0 0 9 1 3 7 58
Principal Empirical Findings 0 2 9 65 1 6 18 139
Prior Usage 0 1 1 20 0 3 7 108
Real and Pseudo-Financial Crises 0 1 7 253 0 4 36 514
References 0 0 0 3 0 2 4 24
References 0 0 0 19 1 4 7 62
Reflections on the Gold Commission Report 0 0 0 25 0 0 3 97
Scope of the Study 0 1 1 23 4 14 27 149
Secular Price Change in Historical Perspective 0 0 1 23 2 2 14 76
Significance of Fluctuations in Currency Holdings 0 0 0 3 0 0 5 39
Sources and Accuracy of Basic Data 0 0 1 14 0 2 8 72
The Basic Data 0 0 1 38 0 2 5 86
The Beginning of Competitive Banking in Philadelphia, 1782–1809 0 0 1 31 0 1 13 114
The Course of Money, Income, Prices, Velocity, and Interest Rates 2 12 30 138 5 17 49 230
The General Statistical Framework 0 0 0 25 1 4 8 76
The General Theoretical Framework 0 0 0 53 0 4 6 155
The Importance of Stable Money: Theory and Evidence 0 0 0 11 0 0 5 66
The Postwar Institutional Evolution of the International Monetary System 0 1 1 4 0 1 8 46
The Postwar Institutional Evolution of the International Monetary System 0 0 0 10 0 0 2 48
The Role of Money 0 0 6 97 0 5 16 198
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan Era, 1981–1997 0 0 1 1 0 0 3 3
U.S. Intervention and the Early Dollar Float, 1973–1981 0 0 2 2 0 0 7 11
U.S. Intervention during the Bretton Woods Era, 1962–1973 0 2 2 2 1 3 5 5
Understanding 1929–1933 0 1 1 50 0 1 6 96
United States Government Balances 0 0 0 7 1 5 9 61
Velocity and the Demand for Money 0 1 3 72 0 3 12 215
Velocity and the Interrelations between the United States and the United Kingdom 0 0 0 23 0 3 8 72
Why Money Matters 0 0 1 18 1 2 7 36
Why Was Monetary Policy So Inept? 0 6 18 97 1 9 37 181
World War II Inflation, September 1939–August 1948 1 1 1 35 1 3 8 166
Total Chapters 13 93 283 3,788 54 316 1,126 10,982


Statistics updated 2020-07-04