Access Statistics for Anna Jacobson Schwartz

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Working Paper File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A brief empirical history of U.S. foreign-exchange intervention: 1973-1995 0 0 0 88 1 3 5 210
Asset Price Inflation and Monetary Policy 0 2 3 763 1 3 8 1,800
Bretton Woods and the U.S. decision to intervene in the foreign-exchange market, 1957-1962 0 0 0 63 0 0 0 170
Bretton Woods, swap lines, and the Federal Reserve’s return to intervention 0 0 4 96 0 2 18 146
Charles Goodhart's Contributions to the History of Monetary Institutions 0 2 3 465 0 7 24 2,156
Could Stable Money Have Averted The Great Contraction? 0 0 2 77 0 0 3 420
David Laidler on Monetarism 0 0 1 257 1 4 15 819
Epilogue: Foreign-Exchange-Market Operations in the Twenty-First Century 0 1 1 74 1 2 4 222
Epilogue: foreign-exchange-market operations in the twenty-first century 0 0 1 54 1 3 9 204
From Obscurity to Notoriety: A Biography of the Exchange Stabilization Fund 0 0 0 44 0 2 11 242
From the Exchange Stabilization Fund to the International Monetary Fund 0 0 0 145 0 0 6 689
IS-LM and Monetarism 0 0 1 618 0 1 6 2,115
Measuring Real Economic Effects of Bailouts: Historical Perspectives on How Countries in Financial Distress Have Fared With and Without Bailouts 0 2 5 310 0 8 32 1,096
Monetary Policy Regimes and Economic Performance: The Historical Record 0 2 8 568 5 10 37 1,790
Money Growth Variability and Money Supply Interdependence Under InterestRate Control: Some Evidence For Canada 0 0 0 32 0 0 2 231
Money Stock Targeting, Base Drift and Price-Level Predictability: Lessons From the U.K. Experience 0 0 0 44 0 1 9 598
Money and Prices in the Nineteenth Century: Was Thomas Tooke Right? 0 0 0 94 0 0 4 280
Money versus Credit Rationing: Evidence for the National Banking Era, 1880-1914 0 0 0 33 0 0 3 186
On the evolution of U.S. foreign-exchange-market intervention: thesis, theory, and institutions 0 0 0 73 0 1 6 340
Real Versus Pseudo-International Systemic Risk: Some Lessons from History 0 0 2 397 1 2 10 1,542
Shadow Open Market Committee; Policy Statement and Position Papers 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 618
The ECU - An Imaginary or Embryonic Form of Money: What Can We Learn from History? 0 0 0 23 0 1 3 204
The Evolution of Wage and Employment in the Israeli Economy 1986-1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 173
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 0 1 69 1 1 8 54
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 0 0 61 0 1 11 102
The Federal Reserve as an Informed Foreign Exchange Trader: 1973 - 1995 0 0 0 33 0 1 5 96
The Federal Reserve as an informed foreign-exchange trader: 1973-1995 0 0 0 61 0 0 7 177
The Historical Origins of U.S. Exchange Market Intervention Policy 0 0 0 73 0 0 3 320
The Impact of Milton Friedman on Modern Monetary Economics: Setting the Record Straight on Paul Krugman's "Who Was Milton Friedman?" 0 0 2 378 0 5 17 1,161
The Interrelation of Wage Series of Firms to Each Other Land and to the Series of their Employment Level. Facts from Microdata 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 254
The Interrelation of the Time Series of Wage and Employment at the Firm Level, Common Features and Contracts 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 105
The Rise and Fall of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention 0 1 2 359 0 2 4 1,148
The Specie Standard As A Contingent Rule: Some Evidence for Core and Peripheral Countries, 1880-90 0 0 0 62 0 0 5 300
The Specie Standard as a Contingent Rule: Some Evidence for Core and Peripheral Countries, 1880-1990 0 0 2 47 3 5 17 330
The effects of regulation on systemic risks 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 37
The impact of Milton Friedman on modern monetary economics: setting the record straight on Paul Krugman’s 'Who Was Milton Friedman? 0 1 1 276 0 2 13 859
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention and the Early Dollar Float: 1973 - 1981 0 0 0 37 0 1 3 71
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan Era 0 0 0 17 0 2 4 88
U.S. Intervention During the Bretton Woods Era: 1962-1973 0 1 2 70 0 1 6 90
U.S. foreign-exchange-market intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan era 0 0 0 47 0 2 7 101
U.S. intervention and the early dollar float: 1973-1981 0 0 0 45 0 1 3 44
U.S. intervention during the Bretton Wood Era:1962-1973 0 1 1 81 0 2 10 188
U.S. monetary-policy evolution and U.S. intervention 0 0 0 109 0 0 2 90
Under What Circumstances, Past and Present, Have International Rescues of Countries in Financial Distress Been Successful? 0 0 1 81 0 2 5 550
Was Expansionary Monetary Policy Feasible During the Great Contraction? An Examination of the Gold Standard Constraint 0 0 0 359 0 3 11 3,437
What has Foreign Market Intervention Since the Plaza Agreement Accomplished? 0 1 2 76 0 1 6 371
Why Clashes Between Internal and External Stability Goals End in Currency Crises, 1797-1994 0 1 3 116 0 2 7 377
Total Working Papers 0 15 48 6,775 15 86 388 26,601


Journal Article File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
Aftermath of the monetarist clash with the federal reserve before and during the Volcker era 0 1 1 13 0 1 2 63
Alternative Approaches to Analyzing Economic Data 0 2 7 346 2 8 16 947
An Attempt at Synthesis in American Banking History1 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 12
Assessing the Euro three years after its launch 0 0 0 115 0 0 2 377
Asset price inflation and monetary policy 0 0 0 31 0 2 10 157
Book Review: The Political Economy of American Monetary Policy 0 0 0 1 0 1 3 32
Clark Warburton: Pioneer monetarist 0 0 0 9 1 1 4 111
Comment on: Historical monetary policy analysis and the Taylor rule 0 0 0 27 0 0 0 98
Consumers' Expenditure in the United Kingdom, 1900–1919. By A. R. Prest assisted by A. A. Adams. (Studies in the National Income and Expenditure of the United Kingdom, No. 3.) New York: Cambridge University Press, 1954. Pp. xiii, 195. $7.50 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 30
Could Stable Money Have Averted the Great Contraction? 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 329
Currency boards: their past, present, and possible future role 0 0 5 395 0 1 14 866
Dangers in Bailing Out Countries That Are in Default by the International Monetary Fund or Others 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 6
Dealing with Exchange Rate Protectionism 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 33
Do Sovereign Debtors Need a Bankruptcy Law? 0 1 1 7 0 1 4 37
From Obscurity to Notoriety: A Biography of the Exchange Stabilization Fund 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 242
General and Miscellaneous - The Gold Standard in Theory and History. Edited by Barry Eichengreen. New York: Methuen, 1985. Pp. vi, 280. $11.95 paper 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 28
Global Order and the Future of the Euro 0 0 0 5 0 0 1 31
Globalizing Capital: A History of the International Monetary System. By Barry Eichengreen. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996. Pp. vii, 223. $24.95 0 0 0 30 0 2 2 90
Has government any role in money? 1 1 5 505 3 8 20 1,028
Has the Growth of Money Substitutes Hindered Monetary Policy? 0 0 0 24 0 1 2 96
History of Mutual Savings Banks in Northampton, Massachusetts. By Katherine Finney. New York: King's Crown Press, 1945. Pp. x, 225. $2.50 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 20
IS-LM and Monetarism 0 0 4 37 2 13 57 255
Inflation and output changes in France, Italy, and the Netherlands: A comment 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 33
International Debts: What's Fact and What's Fiction 0 0 0 0 0 6 8 192
International Financial Crises: Myths and Realities 0 0 0 5 0 1 2 31
International Monetary Cooperation since Bretton Woods. By Harold James. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Pp. xvi, 742. $45.00 0 0 1 21 0 0 1 79
Interrelations between the United States and the United Kingdom, 1873-1975 0 0 0 45 2 3 6 176
Is There a Need for an International Lender of Last Resort? 0 0 1 7 0 0 3 44
Measuring real economic effects of bailouts: historical perspectives on how countries in financial distress have fared with and without bailouts 0 0 3 162 0 2 17 824
Monetary Policy and the Legacy of Milton Friedman 0 1 1 11 0 1 2 45
Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom, 1878–1970: Selected Findings 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 29
Monetary economic research at the St. Louis Fed during Ted Balbach's tenure as research director 0 0 0 13 0 0 1 96
Money and Prices in the Nineteenth Century: An Old Debate Rejoined 0 0 0 6 0 1 2 28
Money and prices in the 19th century: Was Thomas Tooke right? 0 0 0 47 0 0 4 480
Money stock targeting, base drift, and price-level predictability: Lessons from the U.K. Experience 0 0 0 15 0 3 17 252
Origins of the Financial Market Crisis of 2008 4 5 14 94 10 16 46 248
PROSPECTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM CONSTITUTION 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 45
Portrait 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 4
Real versus Pseudo-International Systemic Risk Some Lessons from History 0 0 0 2 1 2 9 30
Reflections on the Gold Commission Report 0 0 0 56 0 0 0 262
Rejoinder to Paul Krugman 3 3 3 77 5 6 11 240
Remembering Milton Friedman 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 26
Risks to the long-term stability of the euro 0 0 0 52 0 0 1 278
Schwartz on Friedman 0 0 0 20 0 0 2 307
Secular Price Change in Historical Perspective 0 0 1 53 0 0 5 190
The Aliber, Dewald, and Gordon Papers: A Comment 0 0 0 7 0 1 3 62
The Beginning of Competitive Banking in Philadelphia, 1782-1809 0 0 0 36 0 0 3 148
The Behavior of Money Stock under Interest Rate Control: Some Evidence for Canada 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 125
The Definition of Money: Net Wealth and Neutrality as Criteria 0 1 2 634 2 7 14 3,000
The Effect of the Term Structure of Interest Rates on the Demand for Money in the United States 0 1 2 116 0 3 7 339
The Evolution of the Federal Reserve Swap Lines since 1962 0 0 2 29 0 2 19 152
The Federal Reserve as an Informed Foreign Exchange Trader: 1973–1995 0 0 0 14 0 0 5 183
The Golden Age of the Quantity Theory, by David Laidler. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1991. Pp. xv, 220. ISBN 0-691-04295-0 0 0 0 24 0 0 2 54
The Golden Constant: The English and American Experience, 1560–1976. By Roy W. Jastram. New York: John Wiley, 1977. Pp. xvii, 231; tables and charts 0 0 1 20 0 1 2 57
The Importance of Stable Money: Theory and Evidence 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 28
The Jacksonian Economy. By Peter Temin. (The Norton Essays in American History. Edited by Harold M. Hyman.) New York: W. W. Norton, 1969. Pp. 208. $5.50 (cloth); $1.95 (paperback) 0 0 1 23 0 0 2 98
The National Bank Note Puzzle Reinterpreted 0 0 0 21 0 1 2 223
The Performance and Stability of Banking Systems under "Self-Regulation": Theory and Evidence 1 1 3 11 1 1 7 52
The Rise and Fall of Foreign Exchange Market Intervention as a Policy Tool 0 0 0 28 0 0 2 99
The Role of Monetary Policy in the Face of Crises 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 32
The banking crisis of 1993: Susan Estabrook Kennedy, (University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 1973) 270 pp 0 0 0 52 0 0 3 231
The failure of the bank of United States: A reappraisal: A reply 0 0 3 87 0 2 9 238
The historical origins of US exchange market intervention policy 0 0 0 39 0 2 10 209
The impact of Milton Friedman on modern monetary economics: Setting the record straight on Paul Krugman's "Who was Milton Friedman?" 0 0 0 194 2 5 17 1,372
The misuse of the Fed's discount window 0 0 0 107 0 6 21 446
Transmission of Real and Monetary Disturbances under Fixed and Floating Rates 0 0 2 9 0 0 4 45
US Foreign Exchange Market Intervention since 1962 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 203
Under what circumstances, past and present, have international rescues of countries in financial distress been successful? 0 1 2 31 0 2 14 487
Was Expansionary Monetary Policy Feasible during the Great Contraction? An Examination of the Gold Standard Constraint 0 0 2 91 0 3 20 578
What has foreign exchange market intervention since the Plaza Agreement accomplished? 0 0 1 36 0 1 7 134
Why A Monetary History Has Had a Long Life 0 0 0 7 0 1 2 33
Why a Dual Mandate is Wrong for Monetary Policy 0 1 5 68 1 4 13 172
Why clashes between internal and external stability goals end in currency crises, 1797–1994 0 0 0 33 1 2 12 166
Total Journal Articles 9 19 73 4,010 33 127 506 17,793


Book File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960 0 0 0 0 36 112 461 3,855
A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 0 0 0 0 5 18 60 700
Currency Held by the Public, the Banks, and the Treasury, Monthly, December 1917–December 1944 0 0 0 0 0 4 6 121
From New Deal Banking Reform to World War II Inflation 0 0 0 0 0 3 12 168
Monetary Statistics of the United States: Estimates, Sources, Methods 0 0 0 0 4 21 48 1,125
Monetary Trends in the United States and United Kingdom: Their Relation to Income, Prices, and Interest Rates, 1867–1975 0 0 0 0 3 21 57 1,087
Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom 0 0 0 0 0 7 20 385
Money in Historical Perspective 0 0 0 0 1 3 8 72
Money in Historical Perspective 0 0 0 0 4 19 77 563
Strained Relations 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 45
Strained Relations: U.S. Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century 0 0 0 0 1 3 12 102
The Great Contraction, 1929–33 0 0 0 0 11 42 187 1,349
The International Transmission of Inflation 0 0 0 0 0 1 14 69
The International Transmission of Inflation 0 0 0 0 1 8 50 284
Total Books 0 0 0 0 66 262 1,019 9,925


Chapter File Downloads Abstract Views
Last month 3 months 12 months Total Last month 3 months 12 months Total
A Century of British Market Interest Rates, 1874–1975 0 0 0 11 1 1 4 50
A Priori Approaches 2 2 2 30 3 3 8 91
Alternative Monetary Regimes: The Gold Standard 0 0 1 43 0 0 3 225
Alternative Policies 0 3 6 63 1 7 13 121
Annual, Semiannual, and Quarterly Estimates, 1867-1907 1 2 3 17 1 3 5 87
Appendices, Currency Held by the Public, the Banks, and the Treasury, Monthly, December 1917–December 1944 0 0 1 4 0 0 3 49
Appendix 1: Summaries of Bank of England Documents 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Appendix 2: Empirical Method for Assessing Success Counts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Appendix: Publications of Anna J. Schwartz 0 0 0 3 1 1 2 91
Bank Failures 0 4 11 111 0 4 16 190
Basis for Our Choice of Definition 1 1 2 18 1 1 5 89
Charles Goodhart's contributions to the history of monetary institutions 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 26
Clark Warburton: Pioneer Monetarist 0 0 1 29 1 1 2 178
Comparison of Earlier Estimates With Our Own 1 1 2 9 1 2 5 52
Conclusion on Definition 1 1 1 18 1 5 7 117
Currency Held by the Public: Call Date and Monthly Estimates 1 1 1 13 2 4 6 76
Cyclical Changes, 1933–41 0 0 0 22 1 2 3 67
Definitions 0 1 2 10 0 2 10 77
Deposits and Commercial Banks: Call Dates 1 1 1 10 1 3 4 85
Deposits and Commercial Banks: Monthly Estimates 1 1 2 12 1 1 4 72
Deposits at Mutual Savings Banks: Call Date and Monthly Estimates 1 1 1 8 1 1 3 65
Deposits with the Postal Savings System 1 1 1 15 1 1 3 112
Derivation of the Series 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 32
Development of Monetary Policy 0 2 9 95 0 4 15 164
Division of Change in Income between Prices and Output 0 0 0 36 0 2 4 93
Epilogue: Foreign-Exchange-Market Operations in the Twenty-First Century 0 0 1 1 0 2 7 20
Estimates for the Period Before 1867 1 1 2 15 1 2 7 65
Estimates for the Period Since 1867 1 3 4 21 1 4 6 79
Exchange Market Policy in the United States: Precedents and Antecedents 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5
Factors Accounting for Changes in the Stock of Money 0 3 8 94 0 4 16 185
From Gibson to Fisher 0 0 0 24 0 1 8 96
Front matter, Strained Relations: U.S. Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century 0 0 0 8 1 2 5 39
General Features of Our Estimates 1 1 1 5 1 1 6 40
Glossary, Sources, Indexes 0 0 3 29 0 0 7 82
Gross Dividend and Interest Payments by Corporations at Selected Dates in the 19th Century 0 0 0 1 0 0 7 35
Has Government Any Role in Money? 0 3 6 262 1 7 19 627
Has the Growth of Money Substitutes Hindered Monetary Policy? 0 0 0 11 0 0 2 47
How Feasible Is a Flexible Monetary Policy? 0 0 0 15 0 0 3 105
International Character of the Contraction 1 4 6 63 1 4 13 137
Introducing the Exchange Stabilization Fund, 1934–1961 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 6
Introduction to "A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931" 1 4 9 79 1 4 14 185
Introduction to "Monetary Statistics of the United States: Estimates, Sources, Methods" 2 4 7 92 2 6 13 219
Introduction to "The Great Contraction, 1929–33" 2 10 40 307 2 12 62 528
Lessons from the Evolution of U.S. Monetary and Intervention Policies 0 0 1 2 0 0 4 8
Lessons of the Gold Standard Era and the Bretton Woods System for the Prospects of an International Monetary System Constitution 0 1 1 35 0 2 10 134
Long Swings in Growth Rates 0 0 0 24 0 0 3 72
Monetary Influences on Nominal Income 0 0 1 37 0 1 5 103
Monetary policy regimes and economic performance: The historical record 3 11 20 516 17 56 141 1,744
Money and Business Cycles 0 0 1 252 0 6 16 670
Money and Business Cycles 0 0 0 32 2 5 13 126
Money and Interest Rates 1 1 3 82 1 2 10 153
Money versus Credit Rationing: Evidence for the National Banking Era, 1880-1914 0 0 0 17 0 0 4 76
Movements of Money, Income, and Prices 0 2 5 67 0 3 7 130
New Deal Changes in the Banking Structure and Monetary Standard 0 0 0 26 0 0 3 103
Notes, References, Index 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 5
On the Evolution of U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention: Thesis, Theory, and Institutions 0 0 1 3 0 1 12 33
Part One: Definition of Money, Introduction 2 2 4 71 2 3 13 202
Part Three: Derivation of Our Estimates, Introduction 1 1 1 8 1 1 2 45
Part Two: Earlier Estimates, Introduction 1 1 1 10 2 2 7 64
Principal Empirical Findings 0 0 1 66 0 0 6 144
Prior Usage 1 1 1 21 1 1 8 116
Real and Pseudo-Financial Crises 0 0 9 262 2 5 30 544
References 0 0 0 3 1 2 4 28
References 0 0 0 19 0 1 3 64
Reflections on the Gold Commission Report 0 0 1 26 0 0 2 99
Scope of the Study 0 0 1 24 2 9 30 175
Secular Price Change in Historical Perspective 0 0 5 28 0 3 20 94
Significance of Fluctuations in Currency Holdings 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 41
Sources and Accuracy of Basic Data 1 1 1 15 1 2 5 77
The Basic Data 0 2 5 43 1 3 14 100
The Beginning of Competitive Banking in Philadelphia, 1782–1809 0 0 0 31 0 3 9 123
The Course of Money, Income, Prices, Velocity, and Interest Rates 1 5 21 157 1 5 30 255
The General Statistical Framework 0 0 1 26 0 0 5 80
The General Theoretical Framework 0 0 1 54 0 0 4 159
The Importance of Stable Money: Theory and Evidence 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 66
The Postwar Institutional Evolution of the International Monetary System 0 0 1 11 0 2 3 51
The Postwar Institutional Evolution of the International Monetary System 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 50
The Role of Money 0 0 1 98 0 3 30 228
U.S. Foreign-Exchange-Market Intervention during the Volcker-Greenspan Era, 1981–1997 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 5
U.S. Intervention and the Early Dollar Float, 1973–1981 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 13
U.S. Intervention during the Bretton Woods Era, 1962–1973 0 0 1 3 0 2 8 12
Understanding 1929–1933 0 0 1 51 0 0 6 102
United States Government Balances 1 1 1 8 1 4 8 68
Velocity and the Demand for Money 0 1 2 74 0 2 5 220
Velocity and the Interrelations between the United States and the United Kingdom 0 0 0 23 0 1 4 76
Why Money Matters 0 0 1 19 0 1 6 41
Why Was Monetary Policy So Inept? 0 3 9 106 0 3 15 195
World War II Inflation, September 1939–August 1948 0 2 4 38 0 3 8 173
Total Chapters 32 91 242 4,017 65 236 854 11,782


Statistics updated 2021-06-03